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Foglia Tonda: tracing wine history in Tuscany

Donatella Cinelli Colombini - Foglia Tonda

Foglia Tonda: tracing wine history in Tuscany

PRACTICAL/TECHNICAL INFORMATION:
Donatella Cinelli Colombini - Foglia Tonda

Donatella Cinelli Colombini - Foglia Tonda

The Foglia Tonda variety has a very ancient origin. One can find traces of it in the treatises of the mid 19th century. It originated in Tuscany, particularly in the South of the Siena area, precisely where we are now. Its cultivation was abandoned owing to the type of pruning with a renewable vine-shoot (guyot or upside down), which produced quantities of grapes resulting in lower quality wine.
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It was salvaged by our estate in an effort to appreciate the grapes of our territory, by changing the type of pruning: we now have spurred cordons on the vine.
In summer at the time of the veraison (that is when the bunches of grapes change from green to red) the bunches that are not good either because they are too compact or too big or not coloured enough, are cut off and thrown away so that the quantity of grapes per plant remains very low, thereby maintaining the quality.
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The wine that is obtained has a great body, and a richness of colour with high alcohol content, and blends perfectly with Sangiovese. The Foglia Tonda has this name because its leaf is rounded with edges, without too many irregularities on the surface, quite the opposite to Sangiovese. The wine produced is Cenerentola Doc Orcia,a blend of Sangiovese and Foglia Tonda
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SINGULARITY:
The Foglia Tonda as we mentioned, is an autochthonous variety and as such very rare. There is in fact no nursery that produces these plants for the creation of a new vineyard which means that the propagating of these grapes is entirely in the hands of our skilled workers who practice the very old and at the same time current art of: grafting.
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We have chosen 2 vineyards in two different areas where the grafting takes place. In February and March the grown vine is cut at a height of around 30/40 cm from the ground and a horizontal split is made into which small pieces of shoots are inserted with two buds of Foglia Tonda taken from  “mother plants”, after which the split is stuck together with mastic and the graft is then protected by tying some paper with sand in it around the plant.
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Once the graft has taken – I can assure you it is no easy task, you can try, but above all don’t graft a grape vine with an apple or a pear tree shoot, let’s not create monstrous hybrids!!… I was saying once the graft has taken, the vine will develop with great speed during the spring and summer supported by the strength in the roots of the adult vine and will give its first grapes already in the following autumn.

 


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